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A Dictionary of Singlish
and Singapore English

Tell me how much a nation knows about it own
language, and I will tell you how much that
nation knows about its own identity.

— John Ciardi

Contributing to the Dictionary



Improving the Dictionary: Contribution Form.




Other Ways of Contributing.

Improving the Dictionary: Contribution Form

The following forms of contributions to improve the Dictionary are welcome:


Suggestions for new words and phrases to be included in the Dictionary.


Suggestions for new definitions of words and phrases, or amendments to existing definitions.


Additional quotations, particularly those that indicate clearly the meaning of words and phrases, demonstrate a new meaning or sense, or indicate the first or an early use of a particular word or phrase.

Please use the form below to submit contributions, or send an e-mail.

Basic Information
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I agree that the decision whether or not to incorporate contributions into the Dictionary remains entirely that of the website owner. By submitting a contribution, I agree that it may be incorporated or otherwise used in the Dictionary without any consideration to me, and that any copyright that I own in the contribution will be transferred absolutely to the website owner. (You must agree in order for your contribution to be considered.)
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If my contribution is used in the Dictionary, I agree for my name as indicated above to be listed in a list of contributors on this website.

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Additional Information for Quotations
Type of Publication:
Author of Publication (indicate name of person quoted by author in parentheses, if any):
Title of Publication:
Edition of Publication:
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Name of Publisher:
Date of Publication:
Page Number where Quotation Appears:
(if possible, scan a copy of the relevant page containing the quotation and send it to the e-mail address above)

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This form cannot accept the double quotation mark character ("). Please either use a single quotation mark (') or type &quot in place of the double quotation mark.


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Much thanks to the following contributors who took the time to e-mail me with their useful suggestions on how to improve the Dictionary.

Chee Sau Pung (suggested improved IPA transcriptions of pronunciations of tair and teruk)

‘Dahlia’ (suggested improved definition for ayam percik and provided or suggested etymologies for kacang pool, putri salat and siput sedut)

Gerry Choo (suggested more accurate definition of bubur terigu)

Goh Eck Kheng (suggested corrections to kuti)

Terrence Hoe (suggested addition of bo idea and katik ayam)

Serena Hu (suggested addition of arbaden and chaybah)

‘Jon’ (provided etymology of chee in attap chee)

Ivy Lee (provided etymology of lei cha fan)

Sarah A. Lee (suggested addition of arbaden)

Lim Su Min (suggested etymology of ah-balling)

Lye Kah Cheong (suggested addition of the whole jin gang)

Ng Kiat Han (suggested etymologies of orluak, tiger show and wah lau, and provided news and opinion articles)

Ngiam Shih Tung (suggested etymologies of fu chok, love letter and tim chok)

Timothy Pwee (provided 1928 quotation for yam seng)


Tan Geok Kee (suggested etymology for balukoo)

Tong Meng Khong (suggested improved definition for ayam percik)

Yeo Kang Shua (provided etymologies for bak chor mee, chwee kueh, ee fu noodles, fu chok, Teochew porridge, tim chok and yam seng)

Victor Yue (suggested improved definition for ayam percik, and etymology for fu chok and tim chok)

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Other Ways of Contributing

Interested in reading more about Singlish and Singapore English, dictionaries and dictionary-making, or the English language? Do check out my recommendations on the Links page. If you decide to buy one of the books from by clicking on the link provided, this will generate referral fees for the Dictionary.

Your donations will help to defray the cost of the website address and other incidental expenses.

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